SELL UP AND MOVE THERE
With rising costs of living, falling house prices, lack of mortgage lending and increasing social and economic tensions abroad, many people are considering a permanent move to Bulgaria. And few will regret their decision. The benefits of a Bulgarian life: the climate, the beaches, the mountains and the beautiful countryside, the relaxed lifestyle, friendly neighbours and family values, the low prices, the stable economy and increasing employment opportunities all combine to outweigh the inevitable differences and disadvantages.
So, what are the issues and concerns that impact upon an expat's decision making? What are the key components that need to be in place to underpin the change to a new life in Bulgaria.
Location and Lifestyle:
A city apartment, a house in the suburbs, a new-build in one of the beach or ski resorts, a villa on a golf course or a rambling old rural home in the countryside. The choices are extensive, the options are available and the decision is yours. And for those considering a move to Bulgaria, whether you're looking for cosmopolitan city chic - or a laid-back village lifestyle, it's worth noting that virtually everybody in Bulgaria has direct access to telephone services, mobile phone coverage, high speed internet and cable or satellite TV with local and international channels. Most villages have a post office, local shops, restaurants, petrol stations, a church and a health service or chemist - plus easy and regular transport to the bigger, regional towns with a wider range of amenities such as: shopping centres, supermarkets, internet cafes, cinemas, theatres, bus and train stations, local authority offices, hospitals and schools.
The Cost of Living:
Bulgaria is probably best known for its low property prices but what may be less widely appreciated is that the cost of living here is about a third of that in the UK. While some items, such as petrol at around 2.30 BGN (Bulgarian Leva) or £1.15 a litre, are more expensive, direct price comparisons of non-imported food, clothing, electrical goods and furniture reflect around 40 to 45% of UK costs, with utility bills and municipal tax (council tax) at an even lower level. This year, for instance, the total municipal tax that we paid on our four houses and two plots of land was 240 BGN or about £120.
No matter how attractive the cost of living might be, though, it's not a good idea to come to Bulgaria without a source of income but, having said that, the fact is that many expats are pleasantly surprised at just how easy it is to live comfortably on a British pension or to find ways of generating an income to fund their new lifestyle. And in terms of accumulating cash rather than spending it, the banks offer a wide array of attractive savings account options. A typical fixed term account, for instance, would generate a return of around 7% a year on cash invested for two years, with even higher rates for longer term commitments.
Working in Bulgaria:
Whilst some people are able to live off equity that they have made in the UK or earn an income from renting out their UK properties, in many cases the only way to continue a permanent life out here is to find work. Many expats set up their own companies to run restaurants, bars, hotels and B & B's, while others create viable businesses providing services aimed directly at the expat community. Newspaper publishing, production or import of staple food items not otherwise available here, building renovation and home maintenance services provide just a few examples of well established and successful expat enterprises. And these ventures sit comfortably alongside the host of new opportunities and gaps in the market, which are becoming easier and easier to identify given that the retail, tourism, service and entertainment industries are continuing to expand. On the other hand, some people prefer a more traditional working pattern as an employee with an established organisation, while professionals can now bring their existing skills and experience into the burgeoning IT, banking and business management sectors.
The key point to note is that, as a citizen of a country within the European Economic Area (EEA), you are free to work in any other EU or EEA country without a work permit as either a salaried employee or a self-employed individual. You will, of course, be required to pay national insurance contributions, either directly through your business accounts or deducted at source along with your income tax if you are employed. The good news is that these contributions (referred to as NOI) are much lower than in the UK (currently around 15 BGN per month for an employee) and income tax is a flat rate of 10% regardless of the amount you earn over and above the non-taxable income threshold (currently 2400 BGN or £1200 per year)
A Relaxed and Slower Pace of Life:
For many people, coming from a typically stressful working environment in the UK means that one of the biggest attractions of Bulgaria is that it offers plenty of opportunities to enjoy the better things of life: the beach in summer, skiing in the winter, golf, walking in the mountains, horse-riding, fishing, football; painting, photography, bird-watching; opera, theatre, music; clubs, concerts, cinema - it's all here. On the other hand, you could spend your days pottering around the garden and your evenings outside watching the sun go down over a glass of home-made wine, just like your neighbours. Wherever you are in Bulgaria, there is a distinct touch of the old world living alongside the new.
Horses (or donkeys) and carts are still a widely used mode of transport - and you'll see them everywhere, alongside the hard-core 4x4s, the gleaming top of the range Mercedes, Audis and BMWs and the ubiquitous Ladas. Sheep and goats roam freely around the unfenced fields and many people grow their own produce at home. Self sufficiency is a respected standard - but, if you prefer, you can also buy everything you need for a completely modern lifestyle from any of the big supermarkets or shopping malls that are now open for business across the country.
Bulgaria's doctors and nurses are extremely well trained and deliver first class medical care despite the poor standard of their facilities. The National Health Service is available to all and is administered across the country by Regional Health Centres. Everybody who works in Bulgaria, including expats, is required to pay health insurance contributions (NOI) and can register with the doctor of their choice, so most people opt for a GP close to home or one that speaks their language. In Bulgaria the doctor's role is to diagnose, treat, prescribe and refer patients to other institutions or professionals within the system. Bulgaria's private health system is often staffed by doctors from the state sector and whilst private clinics and hospitals offer more modern and pleasant environments, they do not necessarily offer better quality care. Private medical fees are high in comparison to the cost of contributions for state medical treatment but notably low in terms of comparable fees in the UK and Europe.
The Economic Base:
Despite the impact of the global recession, Bulgaria boasts one of the healthiest economies in South East Europe and is considered in a positive and favourable light by the international community. The country has experienced strong economic growth over the last seven years, with an annual GDP increase averaging around 5% and high levels of foreign direct investment. There has been a lot of recent media coverage of the EU's harsh line in withholding funds because of Bulgaria's poor housekeeping and lack of transparency in the spending of EU grants.
While the EU's accusations of corruption and fraud in this area are valid, the country is making great efforts to improve and, to overcome this legacy of Communism, the administration has recently instituted a raft of new monitoring programmes in conjunction with Brussels, which now account for every Euro spent. The EU is playing a significant role in shaping Bulgaria's political and judicial systems to ensure that the ordinary citizens of the country benefit fully from EU membership and significant progress is being made, albeit at a somewhat slower pace than it should be.
Children learn the value of money and respect for what they and others have. It's also important to note that the majority of people own their homes outright, few have mortgages and, as indicated above, the cost of living is relatively low. Overall, standards of living are now improving, wages are rising, consumer choices are expanding and there is a greater availability of credit and financial services. For evidence of these changes, we can usefully consider the benchmark for living standards across the EU, namely: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita. In Bulgaria, this has risen by around 14% since 2002 (with 9% of this rise since Bulgaria joined the EU) compared with a 1% rise in UK, France, Spain and Austria and either a static figure or a decline over the same period in Denmark, Germany, Italy and Portugal. (ref: Eurostat Yearbook 2010While there is a wealth of detailed advice about finding and buying the right property in the right location in Bulgaria, there is very little information about what life here is actually like. So, here we consider a number of key issues for expats and explain why the country is now the ideal lifestyle choice for thousands ...
Bulgaria is not the UK:
Perhaps the most important lesson that we have learned - and, therefore, the most important advice that we can pass on - is to recognise that life in Bulgaria is not the same as life in the UK. There is little value in drawing comparisons with any of the thousand and one things that everyone in Britain is used to and takes for granted.
Things happen differently in Bulgaria. Broken pavements and potholes in the roads have to be accepted, customer service is still in its infancy and to cope with the paper trail for everyday activities such as renewing your home and contents insurance or registering a change of car ownership, it's best to write off the whole day. While Bulgarians are (quite rightly) noted for being open and friendly people, you will not be given any special treatment here just because you are a foreigner, so don't expect all documents to be available in English or to be exempt from complying with local administrative issues and bye-laws.
Many people living in Bulgaria today often say that they are reminded of Britain in the fifties, when children were safe, life was straightforward and neighbours helped neighbours. While this may be a bit of a rose-tinted view, it is true to say that just about every expat would acknowledge that they have benefited greatly from a neighbours' assistance. It's also true that there is none of the pervasive nanny-state interference that a lot of expats actually want to leave behind - and this is one of the things that adds to Bulgaria's appeal.
What is the cost of living in Bulgaria?
Bulgaria is said to have one of the lowest costs of living in Europe. A meal for 2 including wine will rarely exceed around £10 . The cost of a 10 minute journey in a taxi will only be about £3.00 Although since joining the EU prices have started to rise
What is the weather like in Bulgaria?
It is on the same latitude as northern Italy and Spain so has a very pleasant Mediterranean climate during the summer months The seasons are very diverse with something for everyone to enjoy from ski resorts located in the beautiful Pirin, Rila and Rodopi Mountains in the winter months to miles of non-tidal beaches and safe non-tidal bathing on the coast during the summer.
Do they speak English?
Many people speak English in the major cities and resorts and the majority of Bulgarians speak English as their second language.
Will I feel welcome in Bulgaria?
Britain is the major contributor to the booming tourist economy and English is the first foreign language spoken, so you will be very pleasantly surprised about the welcome and service afforded you by the Bulgarian people. They want you to keep coming back .
Is it safe?
The crime rate is very low and statistics compare very favourably with all other European holiday destinations.
Is it clean and does it have proper sanitation?
Bulgaria is a modern European country, it has major cities and resorts where the facilities are as good as anywhere in Europe, yet not over developed. Just a few miles in to the countryside and you find yourself going back in time and you will see many farmers riding their cart to market and goat herders tending their flock.
Will my phone work in Bulgaria?
Yes, all mobile networks are supported. If you go on a regular basis it is a lot cheaper to buy a local sim card
What are property prices like in Bulgaria?
The property prices in Bulgaria are considerably lower than those elsewhere in Europe. A brand new apartment in a popular holiday town can currently be purchased for around £40,000 GBP with rural properties selling for even less.
What kinds of property are on the market?
We have a wide variety of properties available from seaside to mountain to city apartments. Old, new , off plan and renovation projects. An old run-down house can be bought for as little as 5,000 euro
Is it secure politically and what are the long term economic prospects?
Bulgaria ceased being a communist country in 1989, shortly after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Since then wide sweeping reforms have taken place. Already a full member of NATO, Bulgaria joined the EU in 2007. It is a fast growing market economy. The country is best known as a tourist destination for both summer and winter holiday makers and for its wine making.
The European Union is currently investing millions of pounds to help improve Bulgaria’s infrastructure (this is very visible on the Black Sea Coast where the main Coastal road is being widened and re-surfaced to provide better access for the expected development of holiday properties).
Do UK citizens need visas and how long can we stay?
British passport holders are automatically entitled to a month’s stay in Bulgaria (free of charge). The Bulgarian Embassy in London will provide you will comprehensive information on visas and residency permits. You can contact them on 0207 584 9400 or visit their website www.bulgarianembassy.org.uk
As a British national you may enter Bulgaria as a tourist without a visa for up to thirty days. You must register with the nearest police station within 48 hours of arrival. If you are in a hotel or on a package holiday, this will be done for you. If you are staying in a private house, you will need to do it yourself. Failure to do so may result in a fine for your host family. You may be able to extend your stay in Bulgaria beyond 30 days by applying at the local passport office. However, switching "status" is no longer allowed. For example, if you enter as a visitor then decide to establish a business here, or stay on a more permanent basis, you will have to go back to London and apply for the appropriate entry clearance at the Bulgarian Embassy.
IMPORTANT: With effect from 1 January 2006, all children entering Bulgaria will need to have their own passport. Children included in their parents' passports will only be allowed in if the passport also contains their photograph. Upon entry into Bulgaria, foreigners should declare in writing the purpose of their stay and the address at which they are staying. To this end they should fill in a registration form.
Is There a Time Difference
Winter time: GMT +2 hours (October through March).
Summer time: GMT +3 hours (April through September)
What is the Voltage?
220 V only you will need a two pin adapter
lev. Banknote denominations include 1,00, 2,00, 5,00, 10,00, 20,00, 50,00 and 100,00 leva, as well as coins of 1,00 smaller denominations.Most property transactions are done in euro's the Leva is pegged to the Leva
In banks and 24-hour change bureaux. When using Change bureaux take extra attention as to the rates offered The exchange rate is announced ever
offices - 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. (Monday to Friday)
banks - 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. (Monday to Friday)
shops - 10.00 a.m. to 8.00 pm. (Monday to Friday, Saturday until noon)
Important Telephone Numbers
Police - 166
Ambulance - 150
Road assistance - 146
- in big cities: trams, trolley-buses, buses
- elsewhere: buses
- inter-city transport: plane, train, coach
taxi (When using taxi's get a price before getting in)
rent-a-car: AVIS, Hertz, Intertel, Europcar, Budget and International Car Rental in Sofia, the country's big cities and resorts
Local laws and customs
Currency regulations are strict. If you enter Bulgaria with cash of any currency amounting to the equivalent of Leva 5000 (about £2500) or more, you must declare it to customs officials (ie the red channel at the port of entry). If you do not, the money could be confiscated, and you may possibly be detained and charged.
As a British national you may enter Bulgaria as a tourist without a visa for up to 90 days. You must register with the nearest police station within 48 hours of arrival. If you are in a hotel or on a package holiday, this will be done for you. If you are staying in a private house, you will need to do it yourself. Failure to do so may result in a fine for your host family.
With effect from 1 January 2006, all children entering Bulgaria will need to have their own passport. Children included in their parents' passports will only be allowed in if the passport also contains their photograph. Upon entry into Bulgaria, foreigners should declare in writing the purpose of their stay and the address at which they are staying. To this end they should fill in a registration form.
British nationals are entitled to free state medical treatment in Bulgaria. (This excludes private treatment.) However, we still recommend you take out comprehensive travel insurance, which includes medevac to the UK if necessary. This will ensure that you are covered for all eventualities. Facilities in most Bulgarian hospitals are basic and old-fashioned compared to those in the UK. Standards of medical care are acceptable, but specialised equipment/treatment may not be available.
First time visitors to Bulgaria are often surprised by its diversity and stunning natural beauty. Of the country's rich and unspoilt flora and fauna Bulgaria is ecologically one of the most unspoilt countries in Europe.
Television coverage in the UK and now that Bulgaria has joined the EU has increased the interest in Bulgaria considerably
Beautiful countryside, historic towns and unchanged rural traditions.
How do I travel to Bulgaria?
There are direct international flights from most UK airports available to Sofia and Varna all year round, with a number of airlines and direct charter flights to the Black Sea Bourgas and Varna which are available during the spring and summer months. With the interest that has been shown in Bulgaria over the last couple of years, low cost airlines are expected to introduce regular scheduled flights there in the near future.
How long does it take to get there?
Direct flights to Sofia or the resorts of Bourgas and Varna are a short direct flight from most UK airports of only 3 hours